When it comes to selling or purchasing farmland, understanding its actual value is crucial for a successful transaction. The valuation of farmland extends beyond just the size; it encompasses various factors that impact its utility and potential profitability. 

The Merchant Team specializes in guiding clients through the complexities of farmland transactions.

Here’s a look at key factors to consider when valuing farmland for purchase or sale.


  • Soil Quality and Composition

The quality and composition of the soil are fundamental in determining the value of farmland. Rich, fertile soil supports a wide range of crops and yields higher productivity, which translates to increased value. Conduct soil tests to assess its health, including nutrient content and pH levels. Soil composition, such as loam, clay, or sand, also affects what crops can be successfully grown and harvested.

  • Land Topography and Drainage

The land’s topography influences its suitability for different types of farming and can affect machinery usage. Flat or gently rolling lands are typically more valuable as they’re easier to farm. Additionally, proper drainage is essential for crop health. Land that naturally drains well or has been effectively managed for water runoff tends to be more valuable.

  • Water Access and Rights

Access to reliable water sources is critical for irrigation and livestock. Properties with existing water rights or those situated near rivers, lakes, or wells are often more valuable. Assess the quality and consistency of water sources available.

  • Commodity Prices

Current commodity prices also influence the value of farmland. Higher commodity prices can increase the land’s earning potential, thereby boosting its value. Stay informed about market trends and how they might affect the value of your farmland.

  • Location and Accessibility

Proximity to markets, processing facilities, and transportation routes can significantly impact farmland value. Accessible farmland that allows for efficient transport of goods to market is often more desirable.

Valuing farmland requires a comprehensive understanding of these various factors. Whether you’re looking to buy or sell, conducting thorough research and consulting with agricultural experts or appraisers is crucial.


The Merchant Team is equipped with the expertise and resources to help you accurately value farmland, ensuring you make an informed and profitable decision. Contact us today to learn more.